Can Houseplants Be Recycled? 8 Easy Steps To Recycle Potting Soil

These days, more and more people are becoming environmentally aware and recycling has become a very popular practice everywhere.

Now, when it comes to houseplants, whether out of responsibility towards our planet or if you just want to save some money, maybe you’re wondering: can houseplants be recycled?

Yes, houseplants can be recycled, at least parts of it. In most houseplants, you can recycle the soil and the pot, as long as the pot is made from a recyclable material. However, you cannot recycle the leaves and flowers of the houseplant, but you can compost them.

So stay with me, let’s break it all down and see which parts of a houseplants can actually be recycled, which composted and how to do each of them.

I was speaking the other day with one of my neighbours, who had received a lovely white Orchid for her birthday last year. She has been keeping it in her bathroom, near the window and the Orchid couldn’t be more happier there.

However, a month ago, she had to move it into her living room, in a rather shady corner, for space reasons. After the move, in less than a week, the Orchid started to wilt, shed her flowers and turn her leaves and stems from fresh green to pale yellow.

Even after moving it back to its comfy bathroom corner, the Orchid did not come back because it was already dead.

Wether your plant is irreversibly dead, or you have too many houseplants (check out this article to find out if you do) and want to get rid of a few in a clever way, I come with answers.

How do you dispose of a potted plant?

You can dispose of potted plants by composting them.

For houseplants, the organic waste consists of the leaves, stems and flowers. The nutrients come from the soil, which contains microorganisms, whilst oxygen is provided by air and water.

How composting works:

  1. Microorganisms from the soil eat the organic waste, which contains carbon.

  2. This results in humus, the soil enriched with carbon and fibers, that also contains inorganic components like potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen.

  3. With the help of oxygen, the humus is broken down through aerobic respiration, which forms the compost.

What is compost and what to do with it?

Compost is the result of the composting process. It is a mix of microorganisms and organic waste (yes, those recycled leaves of the houseplant) and it is rich in nutrients.

Compost can be used as a nutrient boost for other houseplants.

Can houseplants be recycled? Compost. Box with compost


You can make your own compost pile at home, just by following the composting steps above, plus a few extra steps to speed up the process:

  • Compost should be kept moist to encourage microorganisms to live and multiply

  • Compost should be kept at high temperatures, around 68 to 86 degrees F (20 to 30 degrees C) as microorganisms thrive in high temperatures. Compost will give off heat and carbon dioxide on its own anyways so don’t overdo it with the temperature as it can get too hot and kill all the microorganisms.

  • Compost should be turned regularly to allow fresh air into the material and even out temperature and moist.

If you are serious about it, see here what EPA (United States Environmental Protection Agency) advises when it comes to composting at home.

If you choose not to compost, the alternative to recycling houseplants is to spread the leaves, stems and flowers (you can include the soil too, if you want) on the lawn or over any green space, mulching them with a lawnmower, a garden fork or if you don’t have any of those, with just your gardening gloves.

There you go, this is how you can recycle houseplants, through composting or spreading.

However, if recycling by composting or spreading is not an option for you, although I highly recommend it, you can always choose to dispose of your houseplants by putting them in the Yard waste/Organic trash.

Depending on where in the world you live, this is the colour of your yard waste trash can:

The most common colours for yard waste bin

Country Yard waste colour
United States (not standards, but common colour) Green
United Kingdom (not standards, common colour) Brown
Australia (standards) Lime Green
New Zealand (standards) Dark Green

Can potting soil be recycled?

Yes, potting soil can be recycled and reused from year to year. Even though there are some pros and cons to recycling potting soil, it can be a great way to save money on repotting expenses.

Benefits of recycling potting soil:

  • Saves you money

Drawbacks of recycling potting soil:

  • Recycled potting soil is usually emptied out of nutrients, so lacks anything useful that helps the houseplant live and grow.

  • Using recycled potted soil increases the risk of transmitting diseases from one plant to another. 

But no worries, there are solutions out there.

To avoid the risk of transmitting diseases, sterilize the old soil.

To replenish lost nutrients, add a batch of compost (the one we learnt how to make earlier) and you’ll have the perfect soil to grow beautiful plants in.

8 Easy Steps to Recycle Potting Soil

Can houseplants be recycled? Recycle potting soilNow, if I haven’t already convinced you to recycle potting soil, I’ll give it another try by telling you exactly how to do it, and you’ll see how easy it is. Here’s how to recycle potting soil of houseplants: 

  1. Scoop out all the soil in the pot, while taking any remaining roots, twigs or debris out of the potting soil. If you need a recommendation, here is the one I use, always go with metal.

  2. Add some peat moss and perlite to the soil (one part soil, two parts peat moss and perlite mix). Peat moss and perlite help with moisture retention, here is a safe choice I’ve been using.

  3. Add a batch of compost to the potting soil. It restores nutrients to the potting mix. 

  4. Mix everything together.

  5. Place a layer of the new potting mix on a baking tray lined with aluminium foil

  6. Bake it in the oven for 30 minutes at 180 to 200 degrees Fahrenheit (82 to 93 degrees Celsius) to eliminate any harmful bacteria from the soil. Don’t increase the temperature as you might kill the helpful stuff in the mix.

  7. Test the pH level of the soil, it has to be around 6.8 – 7. If it is too low, add lemon or lime juice to it. If it is too high, add some Aluminium Sulfate.

  8. The new potting soil is ready to be used, enriched with nutrients and great for your houseplants!

Can plant pots be recycled?

Can houseplants be recycled? Recycle pots. Pots of different materials and tools on a table

We know now that recycling a houseplant is not that difficult and it is beneficial for the environment and for our budget. But what about our houseplant’s homes?

When it’s time for a pot upgrade, we are wondering what to do with the old pots. Can plant pots be recycled?

Yes, plant pots can be recycled if they are made of recyclable materials.

If you’re interested in this topic, I talk about various pot materials in more detail in one of my other articles here.

So, let’s check out the most common materials plant pots are made of and see which ones we can recycle with the help of this general recycling guide for plant pots:

Pot material Can it be recycled?
Ceramic or terracotta No, they cannot be recycled.
Plastic Yes, plastic pots can be recycled if the plastic is very soft and flexible and if the local recycling programs accept plasting planters. Some of them do, but most of them don’t. No, if the plastic is hard. With plastic planters, the safe bet is to check with your local recycling center.
Clay Generally no, but sometimes yes. For the clay pot to be recyclable, it has to be made of a high quality clay, like the one artists use to make beautiful sculptures.
Glass No, they cannot be recycled
Metal Theoretically, metal planters can be recycled. However, chances are most curbside programs won’t accept them. You’ll likely have to check with your local recycling center.
Peat-pots Yes, peat is biodegradable and therefore recyclable. If you want to dispose of peat pots, you should place them in the garden waste bin though, rather than the recycling bin.

And this is pretty much all you need to know about recycling your houseplants and their pots.

I hope that by now you have a pretty good idea of how to recycle each and every part of your houseplant.

Thanks for staying with me until the end and don’t forget to keep it green.

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